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Image by Giulia Bertelli

Crochet Basics

Are you ready to embark on a creative journey with yarn and a hook? Crochet is a versatile and rewarding craft that allows you to create beautiful and functional items. Whether you've never picked up a crochet hook before or have dabbled in the craft, this beginner class is designed to help you master the basics and ignite your passion for crochet. Get ready to learn the fundamental stitches, explore different patterns, and unlock your creativity in this comprehensive guide to crochet for beginners.

Step 1: Gather Your Supplies

Before you start crocheting, make sure you have all the necessary supplies. Here's what you'll need:

  • Yarn: Choose a yarn that is suitable for your project. Thicker yarns are easier to work with for beginners.

  • Crochet hook: The size of your crochet hook should match the weight of your yarn. Most beginners find a size G or H hook to be comfortable.

  • Scissors: You'll need these to cut the yarn at the end.

Chain (ch)

hanging crochet dish towels

A crochet chain is a series of interlocking loops made by pulling yarn through previous loops. It is the foundation of many crochet projects and is often used as a starting point for more complex stitches. The crochet chain is essential to learn for beginners.

To make a crochet chain, start by making a slip knot with your yarn. Then, insert your crochet hook into the slip knot and tighten it. Hold the slip knot with your non-dominant hand and wrap the yarn over the hook from back to front. Pull the yarn through the slip knot loop to create a new loop on the hook. Repeat this process until you have the desired number of chain stitches.

Slip Stitch (sl)

A slip stitch is one of the basic crochet stitches that is commonly used to join rounds, create a decorative edge, or move the yarn to a different location within your project. It is a simple stitch that is worked by inserting the hook into the designated stitch or space, yarn over, and pulling the yarn through both the stitch and the loop on the hook.

Slip stitches serve multiple purposes in crochet projects. Here are a few reasons why you might want to incorporate slip stitches into your work:

1. Joining Rounds

When you're working in the round, slip stitches are often used to join the last stitch of a round to the first stitch to create a seamless transition. This technique is commonly used in projects like hats, amigurumi, and circular motifs.

2. Creating Decorative Edges

Slip stitches can also be used to create decorative edges on your crochet projects. By working slip stitches in specific patterns or spaces along the edge, you can add texture and visual interest to your finished piece.

3. Changing Colors

If you're working on a project that requires changing colors, slip stitches can be used to seamlessly transition from one color to another. By joining the new color with a slip stitch, you can avoid any unsightly gaps or uneven edges.

4. Shaping

Slip stitches can be used to create shaping in your crochet work.

Crochet Hook and granny squares
Image by Knit Pro crochet hook set

Single Crochet (sc)

Single crochet, often abbreviated as sc, is the shortest and most basic stitch in crochet. It creates a dense and tight fabric, making it great for projects that require structure or warmth. Single crochet stitches are typically shorter than other stitches, such as double crochet or treble crochet. This stitch is commonly used to create solid pieces or as a base for more complex stitches.

To do a single crochet stitch, follow these steps:

  • Begin by making a foundation chain. This is a row of chain stitches that serves as the base for your crochet project.

  • Insert your hook into the second chain from the hook. Yarn over, which means wrapping the yarn around the hook once.

  • Pull the yarn through the chain stitch, creating two loops on your hook.

  • Yarn over again and pull through both loops on the hook. This completes one single crochet stitch.

  • Repeat steps 2 to 4 in each chain stitch across the row.

  • At the end of the row, turn your work and start the next row by making a chain stitch. This chain stitch serves as the first stitch of the new row.

  • Repeat the single crochet stitch in each stitch across the row.

  • Continue repeating steps 6 and 7 until you reach your desired length.

  • That's the Basics!

    Throughout the course, you have learned essential techniques and stitches that form the foundation of crocheting. you have acquired the skills to create beautiful and functional projects, such as scarves, hats, and blankets. By mastering the basics, you are now equipped to explore more advanced patterns and techniques. Whether it's for personal enjoyment or the start of a new hobby, the knowledge gained from this class will undoubtedly continue to inspire creativity and provide a sense of accomplishment.

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